FCAS, MAAA
Senior Consulting Actuary

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Blog posts

Pierogis and Palaces
Jan 9, 2018

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Erich A. Brandt

Erich Brandt is a senior consulting actuary with Pinnacle Actuarial Resources in Bloomington, Illinois. He has more than 20 years of experience as an actuary.

Erich has considerable experience in assignments involving loss reserving, funding studies, cost allocation mechanisms, loss cost projections, competitive analysis, captive feasibility studies and financial analysis of insurance companies.

Erich has made numerous presentations to brokers, corporate risk managers, and CFOs regarding loss reserving, future loss projections and how company characteristics impact actuarial calculations. He currently serves as a member of the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS) Syllabus and Examination committee.

Erich also works with students and faculty at Illinois State University (ISU). He engages in joint research and speaks at actuarial club and the Katie School of Insurance & Risk Management functions. He is a member of the advisory boards for the actuarial science major at ISU and the Milwaukee School of Engineering. Erich is also on the board of directors of the Illinois Shakespeare Festival.

Publications and Media

October APEX Webinar
An Update to Pinnacle’s Risk Retention Group Benchmarking Study
Authored by Erich A. Brandt and Gregory W. Fears, Jr..

July APEX Webinar
Causes of Recent Reserve Development
Authored by Erich A. Brandt and Gregory W. Fears, Jr..

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Case Studies

Cayman Captive

Cayman Captive

Pinnacle serves many of the largest group captives in the world, many of them domiciled in the Cayman Islands. These reserve analyses are typically produced twice a year and serve multiple purposes. First, they provide a range of reasonable estimates which management uses to determine their best estimate of ultimate losses and unpaid claims liabilities. Second, these reserve estimates can then be allocated to individual members to determine the outstanding liabilities and potential future assessments, if any. Finally, the allocated ultimate losses become the basis for renewal pricing estimates for each member. Pinnacle’s approach to estimating and allocating reserves in group captives is unique in the industry and sets our alternative practice apart with its efficiency and accuracy.

Funding Study

Funding Study

Pinnacle was approached by an aircraft manufacturer to provide recommended funding for various aviation and liability coverages. Pinnacle’s initial steps included discussing coverages to be provided and what data was available to complete the funding study. The captive was a start-up with no loss information on which to determine appropriate funding levels. Pinnacle was able to determine that the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) had a database of aircraft incidents that recorded both the manufacturer and model of the aircraft involved in the incident. Since the manufacturer was able to provide the number of units produced, Pinnacle was able to determine the frequency and severity of the incidents and project ultimate funding levels. The captive is currently operational after receiving regulatory approval.

U S Domestic Statement of Actuarial Opinion

U S Domestic Statement of Actuarial Opinion

Domestic U.S. property/casualty insurers and risk retention groups are required to file an Annual Statement with state regulators each year by March 1. Part of that filing includes the submission of a formal Statement of Actuarial Opinion (SAO) by a qualified Appointed Actuary as to the reasonableness of held loss and loss adjustment expense reserves. The SAO must be one of five types:

  • Reasonable
  • Inadequate/Deficient
  • Excessive/Redundant
  • Qualified
  • No Opinion

In addition to the SAO, most jurisdictions require an Actuarial Opinion Summary (AOS) providing more detail on the Appointed Actuary’s specific findings by March 15. Lastly, a formal report narrative in support of the SAO and AOS is required to be available by May 1.

As the SAO is a compliance document, the primary audience is state regulators but the individual company must arrange for the service to be provided.

A recent SAO for one of our clients touched on many of the required disclosures:

  1. The adequacy of held reserves on a net basis were below the low end of our range of reasonable reserves until we took into account anticipated salvage and subrogation recoveries.
  2. The unearned premium reserves for long duration contracts were substantial and we conducted a review to determine they were adequate
  3. The Company held material loss and loss adjustment expense reserves for pools and associations. In order avoid having to issue a Qualified Opinion, we separately computed indicated reserves for two of the pools/associations, and obtained an SAO from the Appointed Actuary for the National Workers Compensation Reinsurance Pool.
  4. Reinsurance recoveries were in doubt for certain carriers as balance were sometimes overdue by more than 90 days. After reviewing the reinsurers’ A. M. Best ratings, we made the required disclosures about reinsurance collectability. 

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