Joseph A. Herbers
Timothy C. Mosler
Arthur R. Randolph II
Terrence D. Wright
Derek W. Freihaut
Gary C. Wang
I have really enjoyed the relationship with those I have worked with at Pinnacle. Our Pinnacle consultant is always willing to share his knowledge and offers innovative solutions.
Pinnacle has consultants who are experienced as expert witnesses in arbitrations and also ARIAS-certified arbitrators.
Pinnacle can assist you in controlling your property
catastrophe exposure by determining the impact of policy changes, including
deductibles, or reviewing geographic areas where exposures are driving your
Pinnacle provides loss reserve analyses and other
diagnostics in support of collateral negotiations associated with deductible
and/or self-insured retentions.
Pinnacle represents the interests of both buyers and sellers of blocks of business providing independent evaluations of a program’s indicated unpaid claims liabilities often reflecting provisions for the time value of money (i.e., discounting) and uncertainty (risk margins).
helps a wide variety of customers establish a reasonable accrual for unpaid
loss and loss adjustment expense obligations.
A reinsurance transaction involves three parties—a buyer, a seller and their intermediaries. Pinnacle provides actuarial and risk management services to all three sectors and outside third parties such as auditors, regulators and rating agencies.
For buyers hoping to optimize the value of a coverage, Pinnacle can analyze your organization’s risk retention levels, comparing costs between coverage options and evaluating the risk being transferred before and after the transaction.
For sellers seeking a reasonable return on the assumption of risk, our reinsurance pricing model, reserve analysis and capital allocation modeling provides invaluable support to your underwriters. And as you strive to maintain a high quality and profitable book of business, our experienced consultants can provide the underwriting, product management and auditing support you need.
If you’re an intermediary who wants your clients to be comfortable with the value of their transaction, we can independently review the relative value of competing options. We’ll also conduct risk transfer analyses — an essential feature in documenting the effectiveness of individual reinsurance contracts and a service we routinely provide for a variety of audiences, including auditors.
Pinnacle consultants have a tremendous breadth of reinsurance experience. From reinsurance pricing and reserving, to reinsurance underwriting and catastrophe modeling applications, we always strive to learn about your unique business operations and apply our expertise to provide solutions you need.
Pinnacle serves a wide range of reinsurance customers, including:
Primary Companies – We can help primary companies, including insurance companies, alternative market insurers and self-insured organizations, to optimize reinsurance purchases, evaluate retained risk, review catastrophe exposure and develop reinsurance underwriting submissions.
Reinsurance Companies – We provide loss reserving, latent mass tort loss reserving, reinsurance underwriting and audit support and reinsurance pricing for a wide range of reinsurance companies.
Brokers –We assist brokers by helping their clients optimize reinsurance purchases, evaluate retained risk, review catastrophe exposure and develop their reinsurance underwriting submissions.
Auditors – Pinnacle provides a complete suite of actuarial support required to complete an audit, such as reviewing a company’s held reserves, providing a second opinion on the held reserves or assisting in the determination of risk transfer in reinsurance contracts.
Regulators – We offer the actuarial support required to complete a regulatory review of an insurance company, including reviewing a company’s held reserves, providing a second opinion on the held reserves, or assisting in the determination of risk transfer in reinsurance contracts.
Government Funds –We can assist you in understanding your potential assessments for residual market pools.
Domestic Companies – Pinnacle provides a number of Statements of Actuarial Opinion (SAO’s) for reinsurers and primary companies with significant assumed business. We can also assist companies in providing the necessary support to regulatory authorities required in collateral negotiations, commutations or loss portfolio transfers, and reinsurance risk transfer analyses.
Offshore Companies – With extensive experience with companies in a number of offshore locations, we are a designated “loss reserves specialist” in Bermuda for Bermuda clients and provide reinsurance reserve analysis for the Cayman and other Caribbean island based companies. Beyond our regular actuarial services, we can model capital requirements based upon the regulations of the local insurance authorities.
Property Lines – Our consultants have knowledge of the various perils impacting property exposures such as wind, wildland fires, terrorism or mold. Further, our experience includes a strong understanding of property coverages that increase losses, including business interruption and time elements exposures.
Casualty Lines – Our experience includes a number of significant casualty lines, including workers compensation, general liability, medical malpractice and other professional lines of business. We also have significant experience with specific exposures such as asbestos, environmental, construction defect and other latent mass torts.
Underwriting – Pinnacle consultants have deep and wide experience in various insurance functions, including reinsurance and primary company actuaries, underwriters and product mangers. We also provide support to primary companies in developing their reinsurance underwriting submission. We can also provide reinsurance underwriting audit support, which can include a review of ceding companies adherence to contract provisions or a review of data quality submitted to the reinsurer.
February 2018 APEX Webinar
Diagnosing Your Predictive Model
Authored by Linda K. Brobeck and Thomas R. Kolde.
Accounting and Actuarial Services: A Case for Peer Review
Best's Review January 2016 - Issues and Answers
Authored by Derek W. Freihaut.
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A reinsurer wanted to combine the results of their pricing and reserving models for individual treaties - from diverse lines of business and treaty structures - to produce an annual return distribution for the company. This was a part of their ERM framework and the genesis of their economic capital modeling process. After reviewing treaty wordings and pricing and reserving models, we designed a model that reflected dependency amongst the treaties and produced an annual return distribution. Furthermore, the model was designed to allow users of the model output to easily see how sensitive the results were to the assumed dependency structures.
Reinsurance Price Optimization
Pinnacle was approached by an insurance company to provide an independent review of their reinsurance program. The first step was to review historic ceded premiums and losses by treaty layer to determine the overall reinsurer profitability. Pinnacle then independently priced the existing reinsurance program to benchmark the current market pricing. Finally, Pinnacle provided a cost benefit analysis to help the client determine the optimal retention levels for its insurance program. With this information in hand and our support, our client was able to negotiate better terms for their reinsurance program.
Pinnacle was asked by a large self-insured regional transportation authority to assess the impact of increasing their self-insured retentions for both workers compensation and automobile liability. We developed a stochastic simulation analysis, based on the program’s historical claims experience and industry benchmarks, that examined not only the increase in expected losses but the program’s additional potential loss variability. Finally, we discussed with the customer the relationship between their current capital position, as well as the current reinsurance market, to ensure the retention they selected for their program was appropriate for them. The authority ultimately increased their retentions, put some of their excess capital to work, and realized substantial savings in their reinsurance costs.
At Pinnacle, we partner with you to explore whatever path it takes to find the answers you need.
May 24, 2018
May Apex Discussion Series -
Actuarial Considerations for Allocating IBNR Reserves
June 03, 2018
IASA Annual Educational Conference & Business Show
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Pinnacle is an actuarial firm focused on property/casualty insurance, including alternative markets, captives, self insureds, enterprise risk management, predictive analytics, commercial lines and more. We serve trucking, insurance, health care, medical professional liability, reinsurance, workers compensation, public entities and other companies and concerns.
Our services include expert witness, loss reserving, litigation support, pricing, ratemaking, rate filing, statements of actuarial opinion, feasibility studies, capital modeling and other actuarial services and products.
Phone: (309) 807-2300
Fax: (309) 807-2301
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