Services

Insurers

Pinnacle understands the unique requirements of insurers and the challenging business and market environments they operate in. To meet these challenges and chart a path to success, you need a strategic partner that can focus on actuarial issues such as pricing and reserving while also keeping you apprised of the latest innovations in rating and underwriting.

Whether you need to develop an enterprise risk management program, help in identifying best practices for your industry or expert insight and analysis for a wide range of projects, our team of experts are focused on doing whatever it takes to exceed your expectations, time and time again. Pinnacle has helped dozens of insurers with projects from state-of-the-art rating plans to underwriting scorecards, from more refined rating territories to by-peril rating for homeowners. We have deep experience in both personal and commercial lines and have worked with small, medium and large insurers. We also do special projects in a variety of areas such as retention studies, mergers/acquisitions, deciding whether to enter or withdraw from certain lines, and filing assistance.

We also perform analysis of the amount of risk transfer in companies reinsurance contracts necessary for documenting the risk transfer file. As well, we routinely perform second opinions on the indicated unpaid claim liabilities for companies that may have concerns about the reasonableness of the loss and loss expense reserve projections by their current Appointed Actuary.

Our industry knowledge includes:

  • Commercial Auto
  • Commercial Multiple Peril
  • Commercial Property
  • General and Products Liability
  • Homeowners
  • Medical Professional Liability
  • Non-Medical Professional Liability (e.g., Lawyers, Accountants, Architects)
  • Personal Auto
  • Specialty coverages
  • Pollution
  • TRIA
  • Workers Compensation

Publications and Media

July 2018 APEX Webinar
Causes for Recent Adverse Development
Authored by Erich A. Brandt and Gregory W. Fears, Jr..

May 2018 APEX Webinar
Actuarial Considerations for Allocating IBNR Reserves
Authored by Aaron N. Hillebrandt.

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Case Studies

Territory / Summit Analysis
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Territory / Summit Analysis

The insurer had not reviewed or adjusted their territorial boundaries in several years; and their current territories were not based upon an analysis of their underlying loss experience.

Pinnacle began with an evaluation of available insurer and external industry data at the ZIP code level as well as their current and future policy processing capabilities. After all of the experience data was adjusted to a common base level, we used our Summit® software product to smooth the data to develop an initial adjusted pure premium by ZIP code to reflect both experience in a ZIP code and in neighboring ZIP codes. The number of additional neighboring ZIP codes used was dependent upon attaining a sufficient exposure level.

The smoothed data was then clustered using Summit® on both a contiguous and non-contiguous basis. The insurer needed to decide whether to maintain relatively contiguous definitions or use more granular and theoretically accurate non-contiguous definitions. Using statistical measures, we identified and graphed optimal definition sets. Non-contiguous definitions were selected by the client. To minimize the number of territories with a limited geographic area or only a few ZIP codes, some manual combination of “outlying” ZIP codes with territories (clusters) with similar adjusted pure premiums was performed.

Finally, we assisted the insurer in developing the necessary filing support material to gain approval. The new program is generating new business in areas of historical profitability but previously less than average competiveness. 

U S Domestic Statement of Actuarial Opinion
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U S Domestic Statement of Actuarial Opinion

Domestic U.S. property/casualty insurers and risk retention groups are required to file an Annual Statement with state regulators each year by March 1. Part of that filing includes the submission of a formal Statement of Actuarial Opinion (SAO) by a qualified Appointed Actuary as to the reasonableness of held loss and loss adjustment expense reserves. The SAO must be one of five types:

  • Reasonable
  • Inadequate/Deficient
  • Excessive/Redundant
  • Qualified
  • No Opinion

In addition to the SAO, most jurisdictions require an Actuarial Opinion Summary (AOS) providing more detail on the Appointed Actuary’s specific findings by March 15. Lastly, a formal report narrative in support of the SAO and AOS is required to be available by May 1.

As the SAO is a compliance document, the primary audience is state regulators but the individual company must arrange for the service to be provided.

A recent SAO for one of our clients touched on many of the required disclosures:

  1. The adequacy of held reserves on a net basis were below the low end of our range of reasonable reserves until we took into account anticipated salvage and subrogation recoveries.
  2. The unearned premium reserves for long duration contracts were substantial and we conducted a review to determine they were adequate
  3. The Company held material loss and loss adjustment expense reserves for pools and associations. In order avoid having to issue a Qualified Opinion, we separately computed indicated reserves for two of the pools/associations, and obtained an SAO from the Appointed Actuary for the National Workers Compensation Reinsurance Pool.
  4. Reinsurance recoveries were in doubt for certain carriers as balance were sometimes overdue by more than 90 days. After reviewing the reinsurers’ A. M. Best ratings, we made the required disclosures about reinsurance collectability. 

Vehicle Rating
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Vehicle Rating

Pinnacle was approached by a major national personal lines insurer to develop a vehicle rating program to replace the use of the ISO symbol product. Pinnacle, through the use of predictive modeling, assisted the carrier in designing a new vehicle rating program which made use of the vehicle’s actual physical characteristics for both the liability and physical damage coverages. The data used for the analysis was the company’s VIN data supplemented with industry VIN data and appended for vehicle characteristics from an external third party vendor. The resultant program completely eliminated the need for use of the ISO symbol and exhibited greater predictive power than the prior ISO based system.

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From the Blog

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Events & Webinars

July 24, 2018
MCIA

July 26, 2018
IABA

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