ACAS, MAAA, CERA
Managing Principal

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Joseph A. Herbers

Joe Herbers is Pinnacle’s Managing Principal and has over 31 years of consulting experience. His practice is concentrated in providing loss reserving and funding studies for a wide variety of entities – both traditional insurance companies and alternative market entities. Mr. Herbers’ areas of focus include policyholder owned group captives, large deductible and/or self-insured entities, lawyers’ professional liability carriers, Florida property writers and nonstandard auto writers.

His skill set includes loss reserving for all lines of business, hands-on interaction with policyholder-owned group captive insurance companies, networking with service providers and traditional ratemaking for all types of entities with insurance exposure. Mr. Herbers is an Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society, a Member of the American Academy of Actuaries and a Chartered Enterprise Risk Analyst. He served as long-term member and Chair on the American Academy of Actuaries Committee on Property Liability Financial Reporting (COPLFR) as well as several other professional committees. He is a regular speaker at industry events.

Publications and Media

January 2018 APEX Webinar
Statements of Actuarial Opinion at Year-End 2017
Authored by Joseph A. Herbers and Aaron N. Hillebrandt.

August 2017 APEX Webinar
Actuarial Considerations for Allocating IBNR Reserves
Authored by Joseph A. Herbers and Aaron N. Hillebrandt.

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Case Studies

DFA Model

DFA Model

Pinnacle was asked by a regional insurer to help build a customized financial model for use in strategic decision making and in determining economic capital needs. The model reflected current and potential underwriting operations. It also incorporated economic scenario generators, capital allocation, catastrophe model results, regulatory and rating agency metrics such as risk-based capital (RBC) and Best’s Capital Adequacy Ratings (BCAR), as well as loss reserve variability. The model was designed to be used to evaluate a variety of strategic decisions, particularly related to underwriting, reinsurance, macro investment allocation, and capital allocation decisions.

Self Insured Dividend / Assessment Analysis

Self Insured Dividend / Assessment Analysis

A large group self insurance program was concerned with the amount of retained earnings and wanted to establish a policy for the minimum capital for the program to trigger dividend distributions. Pinnacle compared the program’s capitalization to a wide variety of industry standards for similar programs from rating agencies, regulators, and other sources. The results of this analysis lead to a recommended board policy regarding a minimum capital threshold for dividend distributions and ultimately to the development of an actuarially sound dividend distribution plan.

Staffing Self Insured Reserve Analysis

Staffing Self Insured Reserve Analysis

Pinnacle was retained by a group of staffing companies with large self-insured retentions for their workers compensation loss exposures to perform quarterly loss reserve analyses and annual funding studies. Pinnacle initially used customized benchmarks for the staffing as the basis for our analyses. However, it became apparent that the benchmarks were not reflective of the unique characteristics of this program. Pinnacle worked with the third party administrator (TPA) for the program to gather additional historical experience for the program, as well as consolidated experience for several similar programs administered by the TPA. Using the results of our analysis of the TPA’s previous experience for this program and others like it, we were able to develop benchmark loss development assumptions that tracked much more closely with the program’s actual loss emergence.

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