ACAS, MAAA, CERA
Managing Principal

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Joseph A. Herbers

Joe Herbers is Pinnacle’s managing principal and has 35 years of consulting experience. His practice is concentrated in providing loss reserving and funding studies for a wide variety of entities – both traditional insurance companies and alternative market entities. Mr. Herbers’ areas of focus include policyholder owned group captives, large deductible and/or self-insured entities, public entity pools and nonstandard auto writers.

His skill set includes loss reserving for all lines of business, hands-on interaction with alternative market entities, networking with service providers and traditional ratemaking for all types of property/casualty insurance exposure. Mr. Herbers has served many roles as a volunteer of both the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS) and the American Academy of Actuaries (AAA). He is a regular speaker at industry events.


Publications and Media

September 2020 APEX Webinar
Group Captives 101
Authored by Joseph A. Herbers.

January 2020 APEX
Statements of Actuarial Opinion at Year-End 2019
Authored by Joseph A. Herbers and Aaron N. Hillebrandt.

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Case Studies

Company Valuation Model

Company Valuation Model

An international financial services holding company wished to become the sole owner of a company in which they had a substantial minority interest. One of our consultants designed a stochastic valuation model projecting dividend streams several decades into the future. One of the more interesting features of this model is that it did not merely arrive at a point estimate of the value of the firm but applied various assumptions to calculate a range of values. The assumptions were discussed in advance with management and the model produced a probability distribution of the value of the firm. This allowed the client to determine the likely return for a given purchase price, improving the decision making process that led to the holding company obtaining full ownership of the subsidiary.

Florida Department of Financial Services

Florida Department of Financial Services

The Florida Department of Financial Services (DOFS) oversees and administers the runoff of domestic Florida insurance companies in rehabilitation. Typically, when a company's financial condition is perilous, the DOFS obtains court orders to oversee the company’s administration and manage the orderly adjudication of all unpaid claims liabilities.

Measuring the extent of those claims liabilities involves uncertainty as to the number and severity of those claims. Further complicating the issue relates to the attitudes of claimants and their attorneys as regards to settlement of such claims knowing the company itself is under regulatory supervision. 

We assisted the DOFS in a formal way with the runoff of three nonstandard auto writers, all part of a company group. The nature of the exposure was such that the unpaid claims were dominated by bodily injury and property damage liability claims. Our modeling of the anticipated future settlements considered input from company claims representatives, the DOFS itself and the company’s auditors.

At the outset of the assignment, the company’s surplus was impaired significantly. During the process, the DOFS was able to achieve significant concessions on the part of claimants given the uncertain financial condition of the carriers involved. The outcome was when the last claim was paid, the company shell that remained had a positive surplus balance. 

Liquidation - Workers Compensation

Liquidation - Workers Compensation

Pinnacle was retained by the liquidator of a monoline workers' compensation carrier to estimate outstanding liabilities and provide expert testimony in support of the loss reserve estimation.

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